- Gene mutations
- Overactive immune system
- Environmental causes
- Skin injury
- Low levels of calcium
Examples of the types of psoriasis include:
- Plaque psoriasis
- Scalp psoriasis
- Nail psoriasis
- Inverse psoriasis
- Guttate psoriasis
- Pustular psoriasis
Psoriasis AppearanceEach type of psoriasis has a particular appearance, but there are characteristics of the rash that are shared by the majority of the types:
- Thick, silvery scales on a very red base
- Sharply outlined borders; the difference between normal skin and rash is distinct
- Healing from the inside out, resembling ringworm
- Topical medications
- Traditional oral medications
- Immunobiologic medications
If you suspect psoriasis, see a dermatologist before attempting to self-treat.
Habif, Thomas. "Psoriasis and other Papulosquamous Diseases." Clinical Dermatology, 4th Ed. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2004. 209-66.
Levine, D, and A Gottlieb. "Evaluation and management of psoriasis: an internist's guide." Medical Clinics of North America. 93(2009): 1291-303.
Menter, A, and CE Griffiths. "Current and future management of psoriasis." Lancet. 370(2007): 272-84.
Schon, Michael, and W.-Henning Boehncke. "Psoriasis." The New England Journal of Medicine 352(2005): 1899-912.
van de Kerhof, PCM and Joost Schalkwijk. "Psoriasis." Dermatology, 2nd Ed. Eds. Jean Bolognia, and et. al. Mosby, 2008. 115-35.