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Epidermis Anatomy

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Updated April 22, 2014

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Stratum Basale
Epidermis Anatomy

The stratum basale is the bottom layer of keratinocytes in the epidermis and is responsible for constantly renewing epidermal cells. This layer contains just one row of undifferentiated columnar stem cells that divide very frequently. Half of the cells differentiate and move to the next layer to begin the maturation process. The other half stay in the basal layer and divide over and over again to replenish the basal layer.

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